The first trade agreement between Canada and a foreign country was negotiated with France in 1893 and came into force in 1895; that same year, the first Trade Commissioner arrived at his post in Sydney, Australia. The agreement gave both countries the status of the most favoured nation and the broad minimum tariffs on certain goods, such as canned Canadian meat, fish and fruit. The British also insisted that Canada extend the treatment to it and to the countries with which it had contracts, including Belgium, Germany, Sweden and Russia. Canada has begun to develop and implement modernized trade agreements with countries such as Chile and Israel, while recognizing that the effects of trade are not gender neutral. Lucas McCall, an inclusive trade policy expert and global affairs canada`s negotiating department, says Canada`s approach is to look for specific chapters on trade and gender in trade agreements and “mainstream” gender provisions. In these provisions, the parties recognize and commit to addressing issues such as barriers to exporters and discrimination in the workplace. With a fast-growing middle class in Asia, new business opportunities are emerging every day for Canadian businesses. By 2030, two out of three middle-class consumers will be in Asia worldwide (Brookings, 2017). The vast majority (88%) the next billion people who will join the world`s middle class will be Asian. This article by Business Council of Canada Vice-President Brian Kingston opens our four-part series on the importance of free trade agreements (FAs) to the Canadian economy.
Learn more about the benefits to employment and productivity in manufacturing that offer free trade agreements. But developing trade and accessing new markets is not the government`s sole responsibility. Canadian businesses, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), need to develop a global mindset to compete and attract new international businesses. American views on free trade agreements, which became more negative during the 2016 presidential campaign, are now about as positive as they were before the election campaign. And when asked about the proposed tariffs on steel and aluminum, they are worse for the country than saying they are good. Many of Canada`s recent free trade agreements go beyond traditional trade issues and cover areas such as services, intellectual property, investment, e-commerce, labour and the environment. The recent Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the EU contains a chapter on trade and sustainable development that promotes sustainable development through the coordination and integration of labour, environmental and trade policies. International trade agreements provide opportunities for Canadian businesses around the world. The first trade agreement with the United States was concluded in 1935 and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was signed in 1994 with the United States and Mexico. NAFTA was renegotiated in 2018 and renamed the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA). Canada now has 14 free trade agreements in place and is originally a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the international organization that deals with global trade rules between nations. Making Canadian exporters more competitive in global markets has been a consistent goal of the Canadian Service of Trade Commissioners (TCS) over its 125-year history.